Relating to public K-12 education; to create the Teacher Bill of Rights; and to provide for the distribution and posting of the bill of rights.
(a) Respecting the authority of teachers is essential to creating an environment conducive to learning, effective instruction in the classroom, and proper administration of local public K-12 schools. To maintain and protect that authority, it is important that teachers, administrators, parents, and students are fully informed of the various rights conferred upon teachers by this section. Together with, and in addition to, those rights otherwise provided in Title 16 of the Code of Alabama 1975, the rights include, but are not limited to, all of the following: (1) A teacher has the right to teach free from the fear of frivolous lawsuits, including the right to qualified immunity and to a legal defense, and to indemnification by the protections provided by the Liability Insurance Program, for actions taken in the performance of duties of his or her employment. (2) A teacher has the right to use appropriate means of discipline up to and including corporal punishment as may be prescribed by the local board of education, and, so long as the teacher follows approved policy in the exercise of his or her responsibility to maintain discipline in the classroom, the teacher shall be immune from civil or criminal liability. (3) A teacher should have the right to remove any persistently disruptive student from his or her classroom when the behavior of the student prevents the orderly instruction of other students, or when the student displays defiant behavior, so long as the teacher follows approved policy in the exercise of his or her responsibility to maintain discipline in the classroom, and to place the student in the custody of the principal or his or her designee. (4) A teacher has the right to have his or her professional discretion and recommendations concerning disciplinary actions respected by school and district administrators in accordance with school and district policy. (5) A teacher should have the right to teach in a safe, secure, and orderly environment that is conducive to learning and free from recognized dangers or hazards that are causing or likely to cause serious injury. (6) A teacher has the right to be treated with civility and respect. (7) A teacher has the right to communicate with and to request the participation of parents in appropriate student disciplinary decisions. (8) A teacher has the right to complete only paperwork that is not excessively burdensome and that, if required by law, regulation, or policy, adheres to the law, regulation, or policy and does not result in overly cumbersome interpretations of that law, regulation, or policy. (9) A beginning teacher has the right to receive leadership and support, including the assignment of a qualified, experienced mentor who commits to helping him or her become a competent, confident professional in the classroom and offers support and assistance as needed to meet performance standards and professional expectations. (b) The local board of education shall ensure policies support teachers in advancing the purposes of this section and of Title 16, Code of Alabama 1975. (c) In recognition of the rights specified in subdivision (8) of subsection (a), the Paperwork Reduction Committee created by Section 16-6B-11, Code of Alabama 1975, shall reconvene within 15 days after the effective date of this act, shall fulfill the duties and responsibilities provided by that section, and shall report any findings and recommendations to the State Superintendent of Education not later than December 1, 2020, for presentation to the Legislative Council not later than the first day of the 2021 Regular Session. (d) This section may not be construed as creating any private cause of action or any other private legal recourse or remedy. (e) This section may not be construed to supersede any other state law, federal law, federal regulation, State Board of Education regulation or policy, or local board of education policy. (f) Each local board of education shall provide a copy of this section to all teachers at the beginning of each school year. Each local board of education shall also post a copy of the rights provided in this section in a prominent place in every school and administrative building operated by the local board of education and provide a copy to parents or legal guardians of all children attending those schools in a form and manner approved by the local board of education. Each local board of education and every school under its jurisdiction that maintains an Internet website shall post a copy of this section on that website.
This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law. House of Representatives Read for the first time and re- ferred to the House of Representa- tives committee on Education Policy ................................... ....... 11-FEB-20Read for the second time and placed on the calendar with 1 substitute and................................ ....... 05-MAR-20 Read for the third time and passed as amended......................... ....... 10-MAR-20 Yeas 80, Nays 17, Abstains Jeff Woodard Clerk
|March 10, 2020||H||Engrossed|
|March 10, 2020||H||Cosponsors Added|
|March 10, 2020||H||Motion to Read a Third Time and Pass adopted Roll Call 272|
|March 10, 2020||H||Motion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 271|
|March 10, 2020||H||Ellis Amendment Offered|
|March 10, 2020||H||Rich motion to Table adopted Roll Call 270|
|March 10, 2020||H||Hall Amendment Offered|
|March 10, 2020||H||Motion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 269|
|March 10, 2020||H||Education Policy first Substitute Offered|
|March 10, 2020||H||Third Reading Passed|
|March 5, 2020||H||Read for the second time and placed on the calendar with 1 substitute and|
|February 11, 2020||H||Read for the first time and referred to the House of Representatives committee on Education Policy|