HB 248

Sponsor
Session
Regular Session 2018
Title
Home buyers, first-time, savings accounts authorized to save funds for a down payment and closing costs, income tax deduction for contributions
Description

Relating to first-time and second chance home buyers; to establish a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account; and to allow a tax deduction for contributions made to the account and a tax exclusion on earnings from the account to provide qualified first-time and second chance home buyers with meaningful incentives to save funds for the purchase of a first home in Alabama.

Subjects
Banks and Banking
View Original PDF: HB 248 - Enrolled - PDF

Relating to first-time and second chance home buyers; to establish a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account; and to allow a tax deduction for contributions made to the account and a tax exclusion on earnings from the account to provide qualified first-time and second chance home buyers with meaningful incentives to save funds for the purchase of a first home in Alabama

Section 1

Short Title. This act shall be known and may be cited as the "Alabama First-time and Second Chance Home Buyer Savings Account Act."

Section 2

Legislative Declaration. The Legislature recognizes that saving for the purchase of a first home is very challenging in today's economy. The Legislature declares that first-time and second chance home buyer savings accounts provide an opportunity for Alabama residents to save funds for home ownership. The first-time and second chance home buyer savings account program is intended to enable first-time and second chance home buyers in Alabama to plan for and utilize a tax incentive to save funds for a down payment and closing costs for the purchase of a first home in Alabama.

Section 3

Definitions. As used in this act, the following terms shall have the following meanings: HB248 (1) ACCOUNT HOLDER. A first-time and second chance home buyer who establishes, individually or jointly with another first-time and second chance home buyer, a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (2) ALLOWABLE CLOSING COSTS. A disbursement listed on a settlement statement for the purchase of a single-family residence in Alabama by a first-time and second chance home buyer. (3) DEPARTMENT. Alabama Department of Revenue. (4) ELIGIBLE COSTS. The down payment and allowable closing costs for the purchase of a single-family residence in Alabama by a first-time and second chance home buyer. Eligible costs do not include any costs incurred prior to the establishment of a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (5) FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. Any bank, trust company, savings institution, industrial loan association, consumer finance company, credit union, benefit association, insurance company, safe deposit company, money market mutual fund, or similar entity authorized to do business in Alabama. (5) FINANCIAL INSTITUTION. Any bank, savings institution, industrial loan association, credit union, or other similar entity authorized to do business and accept deposits in Alabama. HB248 (6) FIRST-TIME AND SECOND CHANCE HOME BUYER. An individual who resides in Alabama and has not owned or purchased, either individually or jointly, a single-family residence during a period of three five ten years prior to the date of the purchase of a single-family residence. (7) FIRST-TIME HOME BUYER SAVINGS ACCOUNT or ACCOUNT. An account with a financial institution created for the purpose of payment or reimbursement of eligible costs for the purchase of a single-family residence in Alabama by a first-time and second chance home buyer and designated by the financial institution upon its creation as a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (8) SETTLEMENT STATEMENT. The statement of receipts and disbursements for a transaction related to real estate, including a statement prescribed under the Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act of 1974, 12 U.S.C. 2601 et seq., as amended, and regulations thereunder. (9) SINGLE-FAMILY RESIDENCE. A single-family residence owned and occupied by a first-time and second chance home buyer as the first-time and second chance home buyer's principal residence, which may also include a manufactured home, trailer, mobile home, condominium unit, or cooperative.

Section 4

Establishment and Use of First-time and second chance Home Buyer Savings Account. HB248 (a) Beginning January 1, 2019, a first-time and second chance home buyer may open an account with a financial institution designated in its entirety by the financial institution as a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (b) Funds from a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account may be used only to pay a first-time and second chance home buyer's eligible costs for the purchase of a single-family residence in Alabama. (c) A first-time and second chance home buyer may jointly own a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account with another first-time and second chance home buyer if the joint account holders file a joint income tax return. (d) Only cash and marketable securities may be contributed to a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. Subject to the limitations of Section 7, persons other than the account holder may contribute funds to a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. There is no limitation on the amount of contributions that may be made to or retained in a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account.

Section 5

Account Holder Responsibilities. The account holder shall do all of the following: (1) Not use funds held in a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account to pay expenses of HB248 administering the account, except that a service or other account fee may be deducted from the account by the financial institution in which the account is held. (2) Submit the following to the Department of Revenue with the account holder's Alabama income tax return: a. Detailed information, in a form prescribed by the Department of Revenue, regarding the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account, including a list of transactions for the account during the tax year. b. Form 1099 issued by the financial institution for the account. (3) Submit to the department, upon a withdrawal of funds from a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account, a detailed account of the eligible costs toward which the account funds were applied and a statement of the amount of funds remaining in the account, if any. If upon withdrawal of funds from the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account, the account holder fails to provide the department with the detailed account of the eligible costs towards which the account funds were applied, the entire account's funds, including the interest and other income on principal, shall be subject to the penalties listed under

Section 6

Section 7

Responsibilities of financial institutions. HB248 (a) A financial institution shall be required to do the following: (1) Create a new account for the first-time and second chance home buyer and designate the account as a "first-time and second chance home buyer's savings account" on records and transactional statements related to the account. Only the funds deposited into this account shall be eligible for the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account deduction under this act. related to the account. (2) Provide the account holder with a detailed account statement relating to the first-time and second chance home buyer's savings account on a yearly basis. (b) A financial institution shall not be required to do any of the following: (1) Track the use of money withdrawn from a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (2) Allocate funds in a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account between joint account holders. (3) Report any information not otherwise required by law to the Department of Revenue or any other governmental agency. (c) A financial institution is not responsible or liable for the following: HB248 (1) Determining or ensuring that an account satisfies the requirements to be a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (2) Determining or ensuring that funds in a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account are used for eligible costs. (3) Reporting or remitting taxes or penalties related to the use of a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (c) Upon being furnished proof of the death of the account holder and any other information required by the related to the death required by the financial institution or contract governing the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account, a financial institution shall distribute the principal and accumulated interest or other income in the account in accordance with the terms of the contract governing the account, or as otherwise required by law.

Section 8

Deduction of Contributions, Exclusion of Earnings, and Limitations. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this act and subject to the limitations under this section, a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account holder shall be entitled to a state tax deduction, subject to the limitations of this section, not to exceed six thousand dollars ($6,000) five thousand dollars ($5,000) for an account holder who files HB248 an individual tax return or twelve thousand dollars ($12,000) ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for joint account holders who file a joint tax return, for contributions made by the account holder to a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account during the tax year in which the deduction is claimed. (b) Except as otherwise provided in this act and subject to the limitations under this section, earnings from the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account, including interest and other income on the principal, shall be excluded from taxable income of an account holder for Alabama income tax purposes during the tax year. (c) An account holder may claim the deduction and exclusion under this section as follows: (1) For a period not to exceed five years. (2) For an aggregate total amount of principal and earnings not to exceed thirty thousand dollars ($30,000) twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000) for individual accounts and sixty thousand dollars fifty thousand dollars ($50,000) for joint accounts during the five-year period. (3) Only if the principal and earnings of the account remain in the account until a withdrawal is made for eligible costs related to the purchase of a single-family residence by a first-time and second chance home buyer. (d) A person other than the account holder who deposits funds in a first-time and second chance home buyer HB248 savings account shall not be entitled to the deduction and exclusion provided under this act. (e) Any funds in a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account not expended on eligible costs by December 31 of the last year of the five-year period beginning with January 1 of the tax year in which a deduction was first claimed under subsection (a) shall thereafter be included in the account holder's taxable income. (f) The deduction and exclusion from taxable income provided by this act shall apply to any alternative basis for calculating taxable income for Alabama income tax purposes. (g) The funds in the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account shall not be used to purchase a single-family residence outside of this state. (h) The provisions of this section shall terminate five years from the effective date of this act for first-time and second chance home buyer savings account holders not currently claiming the deduction and exclusion under this section, unless extended by an act of the Legislature.

Section 9

Penalty for Withdrawal for Purpose Other Than Eligible Costs. Except as otherwise provided in this section, if the account holder withdraws any funds from a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account for a purpose other than eligible costs for the purchase of a HB248 single-family residence in this state, the following shall apply: (1) The entire balance of the fund, including interest and other income on principal, shall be included in the account holder's taxable income for the tax year in which the withdrawal was made. (2) The account holder shall pay a penalty to the Department of Revenue equal to 10 percent of the amount withdrawn. The penalty shall not apply to funds withdrawn from an account which were: a. Withdrawn by reason of the account holder's death or disability or due to employment after the account holder has exhausted his or her applicable unemployment compensation benefits. b. A disbursement of assets of the account pursuant to a filing for protection under the United States Bankruptcy Code, 11 U.S.C. § 101 et seq. (3) Subdivisions (1) and (2) do not apply to funds withdrawn or distributed from a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account that within sixty days of their withdrawal or distribution are deposited in full into another first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. This subdivision shall apply both to transfers between any qualifying first-time and second chance home buyer savings accounts whether such transfers are to or from qualifying HB248 individual or joint accounts. The timely transfer of funds from a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account to another first-time and second chance home buyer savings account in accordance with this subdivision shall not alter the time limitations set forth in subsection (e) of Section 7.

Section 10

Department of Revenue; Forms. The Department of Revenue shall adopt forms for the following: (1) The designation of an account with a financial institution to serve as a first-time and second chance home buyer savings account. (2) An account holder to annually submit to the Department of Revenue detailed information regarding the first-time and second chance home buyer savings account, including, but not limited to, a list of transactions for the account during the tax year and identifying any supporting documentation required to be maintained by the account holder. Section 10. The department shall report to the Legal Fiscal Division of the Legislative Services Agency on an annual basis the total annual number of deductions claimed and total amount of deposits deducted pursuant to this act, and the number of taxpayers who claimed a first-time and second chance home buyer deduction that did not expend the funds pursuant to subsection (e) of Section 7, or were subjected to the penalty provisions of Section 8. HB248 Section 11. This act shall become effective immediately upon its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law. HB248 Speaker of the House of Representatives President and Presiding Officer of the Senate House of Representatives I hereby certify that the within Act originated in and was passed by the House 06-FEB-18, as amended. Jeff Woodard Clerk Senate 21-MAR-18 Amended and Passed Concurred in Sen- House 22-MAR-18 ate Amendment

No articles found.
Action Date Chamber Action
March 22, 2018HForwarded to Governor on March 22, 2018 at 2:22 p.m. on March 22, 2018.
March 22, 2018HWays and Means Education first Amendment Offered
March 22, 2018HAssigned Act No. 2018-467.
March 22, 2018HClerk of the House Certification
March 22, 2018HEnrolled
March 22, 2018SSignature Requested
March 22, 2018SConcurred in Second House Amendment
March 22, 2018HSouth motion to Concur In and Adopt adopted Roll Call 1004
March 22, 2018HConcurrence Requested
March 21, 2018SMotion to Read a Third Time and Pass adopted Roll Call 948
March 21, 2018SOrr motion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 947
March 21, 2018SOrr Amendment Offered
March 21, 2018SOrr motion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 946
March 21, 2018SOrr Amendment Offered
March 21, 2018SThird Reading Passed
March 1, 2018SRead for the second time and placed on the calendar
February 13, 2018SRe-referred to Committee on Finance and Taxation Education
February 8, 2018SRead for the first time and referred to the Senate committee on Banking and Insurance
February 6, 2018HEngrossed
February 6, 2018HCosponsors Added
February 6, 2018HMotion to Read a Third Time and Pass adopted Roll Call 211
February 6, 2018HMotion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 210
February 6, 2018HClarke Amendment Offered
February 6, 2018HMotion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 209
February 6, 2018HCollins Amendment Offered
February 6, 2018HMotion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 208
February 6, 2018HWays and Means Education Amendment Offered
February 6, 2018HThird Reading Passed
February 1, 2018HRead for the second time and placed on the calendar 1 amendment
January 23, 2018HRereferred from FR to W&ME
January 18, 2018HRead for the first time and referred to the House of Representatives committee on Financial Services
2018-03-22
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-03-21
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed
2018-03-21
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed
2018-03-21
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: House
Result: Passed