SB 151

Session
Regular Session 2018
Title
Terrorist threats, crime further defined, specify that schools and churches are protected, Sec. 13A-10-15 am'd.
Description

Existing law provides for the crime of making a terrorist threat

This bill would further define the crime and specify that a person commits this crime when he or she threatens to commit a crime of violence against any church, synagogue, mosque, or other religious real property, or a public or private school

Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, prohibits a general law whose purpose or effect would be to require a new or increased expenditure of local funds from becoming effective with regard to a local governmental entity without enactment by a 2/3 vote unless: it comes within one of a number of specified exceptions; it is approved by the affected entity; or the Legislature appropriates funds, or provides a local source of revenue, to the entity for the purpose

The purpose or effect of this bill would be to require a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of the amendment. However, the bill does not require approval of a local governmental entity or enactment by a 2/3 vote to become effective because it comes within one of the specified exceptions contained in the amendment

To amend Section 13A-10-15, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to terrorist threats; to further define the crime; and in connection therewith would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

Subjects
Terrorist Threats
View Original PDF: SB 151 - Introduced - PDF

Existing law provides for the crime of making a terrorist threat

This bill would further define the crime and specify that a person commits this crime when he or she threatens to commit a crime of violence against any church, synagogue, mosque, or other religious real property, or a public or private school

Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, prohibits a general law whose purpose or effect would be to require a new or increased expenditure of local funds from becoming effective with regard to a local governmental entity without enactment by a 2/3 vote unless: it comes within one of a number of specified exceptions; it is approved by the affected entity; or the Legislature appropriates funds, or provides a local source of revenue, to the entity for the purpose

The purpose or effect of this bill would be to require a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of the amendment. However, the bill does not require approval of a local governmental entity or enactment by a 2/3 vote to become effective because it comes within one of the specified exceptions contained in the amendment

To amend Section 13A-10-15, Code of Alabama 1975, relating to terrorist threats; to further define the crime; and in connection therewith would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

Section 1

Section 13A-10-15, Code of Alabama 1975, is amended to read as follows:

§13A-10-15.

(a) A person commits the crime of making a terrorist threat when he or she threatens by any means to commit any a crime of violence which or to damage any property by doing any of the following: with a bomb, explosive, weapon of mass destruction, firearm, or other deadly weapon against any person or property in the State of Alabama.

(1) Intentionally or recklessly:

a. Terrorizing another person.

b. Causing the disruption of school activities.

c. Causing the evacuation of a building, place of assembly, or facility of public transportation, or other serious public inconvenience.

(2) With the intent to retaliate against any person who:

a. Attends a judicial or administrative proceeding as a witness or party or produces records, documents, or other objects in a judicial proceeding.

b. Provides to a law enforcement officer, adult or juvenile probation officer, prosecuting attorney, or judge any information relating to the commission or possible commission of an offense under the laws of this state, of the United States, or a violation of conditions of bail, pretrial release, probation, or parole.

(b) As used in this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

(1) PROPERTY. Includes, but is not limited to, any of the following buildings or real property:

a. A church, mosque, synagogue, or other religious real property.

b. A public or private school.

c. Any other public or private real property.

(2) THREATEN. A person threatens another if all of the following occur:

a. The person intentionally and knowingly makes a statement verbally, in writing, or by means of an electronic communication device.

b. The statement is communicated to another person.

c. The statement, on its face and under the circumstances in which it is made, is so unequivocal, unconditional, immediate, and specific as to convey to the person threatened, a gravity of purpose and an immediate prospect of execution of the threat.

d. The statement causes the person to reasonably be in sustained fear for his or her own safety or for the object of the threat.

(3) WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION. Any of the following:

a. A destructive device as defined in 18 U.S.C. § 921.

b. A weapon that is designed or intended to cause death or serious bodily injury through the release, dissemination, or impact of toxic or poisonous chemicals.

c. A weapon involving a biological agent, toxin, or vector, as those terms are defined in 18 U.S.C. § 178.

d. A weapon that is designed to release radiation or radioactivity at a level dangerous to human life.

(b) (c) The crime of making a terrorist threat is a Class C felony."

Section 2

Although this bill would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds, the bill is excluded from further requirements and application under Amendment 621, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, because the bill defines a new crime or amends the definition of an existing crime.

Section 3

This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.

No articles found.
Action Date Chamber Action
March 28, 2018SAssigned Act No. 2018-553.
March 28, 2018HSignature Requested
March 28, 2018HMotion to Read a Third Time and Pass adopted Roll Call 1094
March 28, 2018SEnrolled
March 28, 2018HConcurred in Second House Amendment
March 28, 2018SSmitherman motion to Concur In and Adopt adopted Roll Call 1244
March 28, 2018SConcurrence Requested
March 28, 2018HChestnut intended to vote Yea
March 28, 2018HMotion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 1093
March 28, 2018HFaulkner Amendment Offered
March 28, 2018HFaulkner motion to Table Judiciay amendment adopted Roll Call 1092
March 28, 2018HFaulkner motion to reconsider Judiciary amendment adopted Roll Call 1091
March 28, 2018HThird Reading Passed
March 22, 2018HFaulkner motion to Carry Over Temporarily adopted Voice Vote
March 22, 2018HMotion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 1028
March 22, 2018HJudiciary Amendment Offered
March 22, 2018HThird Reading Carried Over
March 15, 2018HRead for the second time and placed on the calendar 1 amendment
January 25, 2018HRead for the first time and referred to the House of Representatives committee on Judiciary
January 25, 2018SMotion to Read a Third Time and Pass adopted Roll Call 134
January 25, 2018SThird Reading Passed
January 18, 2018SReported from Judiciary as Favorable
January 11, 2018SRead for the first time and referred to the Senate committee on Judiciary
2018-03-28
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-03-28
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed
2018-03-28
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-03-28
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-03-22
Chamber: House
Result: Passed
2018-01-25
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed