SB 154

Sponsor
Session
Regular Session 2018
Title
Municipalities, ordinances, summons and complaint in lieu of arrest, further provided for, exceptions, Sec. 11-45-9.1 am'd.
Description

Relating to municipalities; to amend Section 11-45-9.1, Code of Alabama 1975, to provide that a municipality may authorize a law enforcement officer to issue a summons and complaint in lieu of custodial arrest for all misdemeanors and violations, with exceptions; and in connection therewith would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

Subjects
Municipalities
View Original PDF: SB 154 - Engrossed - PDF

Relating to municipalities; to amend Section 11-45-9.1, Code of Alabama 1975, to provide that a municipality may authorize a law enforcement officer to issue a summons and complaint in lieu of custodial arrest for all misdemeanors and violations, with exceptions; and in connection therewith would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds within the meaning of Amendment 621 of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended.

Section 1

Section 11-45-9.1, Code of Alabama 1975, is amended to read as follows:

§11-45-9.1.

(a)(1) By ordinance, Except as provided in subdivision (2), the governing body of any municipality may, by ordinance, authorize any law enforcement officer of a municipality or any law enforcement officer of the state, in lieu of placing persons under custodial arrest, to issue a summons and complaint to any person charged with violating any municipal littering ordinance; municipal ordinance which prohibits animals from running at large, which shall include leash laws and rabies control laws; or any Class C misdemeanor or violation not involving violence, threat of violence, or alcohol or drugs.

(2) Subdivision (1) does not apply to any misdemeanor or violation that includes any of the following:

a. Violence, threat of violence, or domestic violence, as defined in Section 13A-6-139.1.

b. The possession or use of alcohol which, in the opinion of the law enforcement officer, creates a risk to public safety.

c. A victim who is a minor.

(b) Such The summons and complaint shall be on a form approved by the governing body of the municipality and shall contain the name of the court; the name of the defendant; a description of the offense, including the municipal ordinance number; the date and time of the offense; the place of the offense; signature of the officer issuing the citation; the scheduled court date and time; an explanation to the person cited of the ways in which he or she may settle his or her case; and a signature block for the magistrate to sign upon the officer's oath and affirmation given prior to trial.

(c) Whenever any person is arrested for a violation of any of the enumerated offenses, the arresting officer shall take the name and address of such the person and any other identifying information and issue a summons and complaint to the person charged. Such The officer shall release the person from custody upon his or her written promise to appear in court at the designated time and place as evidenced by his or her signature on the summons and complaint, without any condition relating to the deposit of security.

(d) If any person refuses to give a written recognizance to appear by placing his or her signature on the summons and complaint, the officer shall take that person into custody and bring him or her before any officer or official who is authorized to approve bond.

(e) Before implementation of the summons and complaint procedure, the governing body shall adopt a schedule of fines for first, second, and subsequent offenders of the alleged violation of such the ordinances, which shall be posted in a place conspicuous to the public within the court clerk's office and the police department.

(f)(1) When a person is charged with one of the enumerated ordinance violations, he or she may elect to appear before the municipal court magistrate, or where the municipal court has been abolished, the district court magistrate, within the time specified in the summons and complaint, and upon entering a plea of guilty, pay the fine and court costs. A plea of guilty shall only be accepted by the magistrate after the defendant has executed a notice and waiver of rights form.

(2) In the alternative, the defendant shall have the option of depositing the required bail, and upon a plea of not guilty, shall be entitled to a trial as authorized by law.

(g) The court clerk or magistrate shall receive and issue receipts for cash bail from persons who wish to be heard in court; enter the time of their appearance on the court docket; and notify the arresting officer and witnesses, if any, to be present.

(h) If the defendant fails to appear as specified in the summons and complaint, the judge or magistrate having jurisdiction of the offense may issue a warrant for his or her arrest commanding that he or she be brought before the court to answer the charge contained on the summons and complaint. In addition, any person who willfully violates his or her written promise or bond to appear, given in accordance with this section, shall be guilty of the separate offense of failing to appear, a misdemeanor, regardless of the disposition of the charge upon which he or she was originally arrested.

(i) All fines and forfeitures collected upon a conviction or upon the forfeiture of bail of any person charged with a violation of such the ordinances, shall be remitted to the general fund of the municipality; provided, however, fines, forfeitures, and court costs assessed and collected in district court shall be distributed as now provided by law."

Section 2

Although this bill would have as its purpose or effect the requirement of a new or increased expenditure of local funds, the bill is excluded from further requirements and application under Amendment 621, now appearing as Section 111.05 of the Official Recompilation of the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, as amended, because the bill defines a new crime or amends the definition of an existing crime.

Section 3

This act shall become effective on the first day of the third month following its passage and approval by the Governor, or its otherwise becoming law.

No articles found.
Action Date Chamber Action
February 22, 2018HJudiciary second Amendment Offered
February 22, 2018HPending third reading on day 15 Favorable from Judiciary with 2 amendments
February 22, 2018HJudiciary first Amendment Offered
February 22, 2018HRead for the second time and placed on the calendar 2 amendments
February 6, 2018HRead for the first time and referred to the House of Representatives committee on Judiciary
February 6, 2018SEngrossed
February 6, 2018SMotion to Read a Third Time and Pass adopted Roll Call 299
February 6, 2018SMelson motion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 298
February 6, 2018SMelson Amendment Offered
February 6, 2018SMelson motion to Adopt adopted Roll Call 297
February 6, 2018SJudiciary Amendment Offered
February 6, 2018SThird Reading Passed
January 18, 2018SReported from Judiciary as Favorable with 1 amendment
January 11, 2018SRead for the first time and referred to the Senate committee on
2018-02-06
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed
2018-02-06
Chamber: Senate
Result: Passed