Alabama Attorney General, Steve Marshall has been joined by two attorney’s generals (Jeff Landry, R-Louisiana and Jason Ravnsborg, R-South Dakota) in a lawsuit filed this past Tuesday in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Alabama, Western Division.
Marshall is hoping to stop a “belated and illegal attempt” (in his own words) to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment. The amendment was originally proposed by Congress in 1972 to prohibit discrimination based on sex. However, it was not ratified by the required number of states. A minimum of 38 states is required to ratify an amendment.
The amendment states: “Equality of rights under the law shall not be abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. The Congress shall have the power to enforce, by approximate legislation, the provisions of this article.”
Marshall, Landry, and Ravnsborg allege that the archivist for the United States, who they say makes determinations on whether states have ratified amendments, is not recognizing a seven-year time limit set by Congress to ratify the ERA. They also allege the archivist, David S. Ferriero, is not recognizing that five states who initially ratified the ERA rescinded those decisions.
They ask the federal court to rule that the time to ratify the ERA has expired and that the five states’ rescissions are valid.
“If this constitutional bait-and-switch is successful, there will be dire consequences for the rule of law,” Marshall said in a press release. “The people had seven years to consider the ERA, and they rejected it. To sneak it into the Constitution through this illegal process would undermine the very basis for our constitutional order.”
According to the lawsuit, 35 states ratified the ERA, but five rescinded, leaving the ERA eight states short.
The three attorney’s generals claim that activists have advanced a “three-state strategy” based on a refusal to recognize the five rescissions or that the seven-year deadline, which was March 22, 1979, is binding. Nevada “purported” to ratify the ERA in 2017, and Illinois did the same in 2018, the lawsuit says. Virginia is poised to do so early next year and would be the 38th state if the activists’ plan is successful, the lawsuit says.
They also claim that the amendment is unnecessary because the U.S. Supreme Court has determined that the Constitution already provides protection against discrimination based on sex, such as through the equal protection and due process clauses.
The lawsuit alleges that the amendment would “expand the frontiers” of what qualifies as discrimination based on sex. They say that could jeopardize state laws regulating abortion, require taxpayer funding for abortion, and could result in costly legal challenges to long-accepted practices like separate prisons for men and women and separate athletic teams for boys and girls in public schools and universities. It asserts that efforts to redefine sex based on gender identity, rather than biology, could drive some of those legal claims.
“While Alabama, Louisiana, and South Dakota are firmly committed to equality, the ERA would not promote true equality, but rather a far-left agenda,” Marshall said. … “If activists want a new ERA, they should persuade their fellow Americans that it makes sense, then pass it through Congress and a new state ratification process.”
To this day, Alabama has not ratified the amendment.
Dakota Layton graduated from the University of Alabama in Huntsville with a Bachelor of Arts in Philosophy. He is currently enrolled at the University of Mississippi where he is working to earn his Master of Arts in Philosophy.